The co-author of this article is Katie Gohmann. Katherine Gomann is a professional Texas gardener. Works as a home gardener and professional gardener since 2008.
The number of sources used in this article is 13. You will find a list of them at the bottom of the page.
Diluting succulents from the leaves is quite simple, for this you need to perform only a few steps and use only a couple of improvised means. If you cut a healthy leaf from a plant, it naturally begins to give roots, and a new plant is formed from these roots. Succulents can be a great gift, such a plant can greet new neighbors or exchange it for something else from friends and other familiar gardeners. It is easy to grow succulents from leaves, but since not all leaves take root, it is better to immediately try to root at least two leaves.
What is the appeal of succulents?
The name succulents, translated from Latin - “succulent”, these plants received due to the ability to store up moisture for the future in their trunks and leaves. Therefore, they are undemanding to special care, do not need frequent watering.
The variety of succulents is impressive. Tiny, which can be grown in test tubes, and of impressive size, they look good in the home winter garden or just on the windowsill. Succulents stand out in a bizarre shape, they surprise with unexpected coloring of leaves, unusual flowering.
It is believed that indoor succulent shares useful energy with a person. It is no coincidence that they are recommended to be placed near a computer monitor, they have a beneficial effect on a person, and some species have a healing effect.
Many people remember aloe, this is one of the varieties of succulents that our grandmothers considered obligatory to have on the windowsill. And advise to get a fat girl or a "money tree" in an apartment or office to ensure financial well-being.
One of the most popular succulents is also a “living stone” and stonecrop, agave and various types of fatty plants, spurge, echeveria and many other flowers.
We will learn more about how exotic indoor succulents are bred using leaves, plant cuttings or its seeds.
Using a sheet for propagation
To get the type of plant you like, it is enough of its leaf. Reproduction by leaves is a fairly simple and affordable way.
You must carefully consider the choice of leaf intended for reproduction. It should be a strong, healthy leaf, without damage. Do not tear off or break off the sheet, for reproduction it must be cut with a sharp knife, without leaving parts of it on the plant.
The cut sheet cannot be placed in water; on the contrary, it must be kept in the air for a day or two, so that the leaf is somewhat dried up. It is necessary to dry the leaf on the surface of the soil in which it is to grow. You don’t need to do anything specifically for rooting, you just need to expand the leaf slice to the soil. Everything else will happen without our actions, the leaf will take root itself!
Video "Reproduction of succulents by leaves"
Another method of propagation of these exotic plants is no less popular and simple - cuttings.
The cuttings are also cut with a sharpened knife and left to dry for a couple of days.
Be sure to pay attention to the plant that gave the cuttings. The resulting section must be sprinkled with coal, which was previously crushed. In this case, before processing, you need to inspect the slice. If the plant belongs to those species that secrete milky juice, then the slice is first washed and then treated with charcoal.
Propagation by cuttings is a longer process. It is possible to plant a stalk in the soil only after the appearance of roots in it.
Three ways to breed different succulents
There are people who believe that succulents are exclusively cacti. In fact, there are dozens of these plants. It can be both a tiny lithops, and a popular money tree (crassula), and even the good old sansevieria. A common feature of all succulents is the presence of a thick stem and / or leaves in which the flowerpot stores moisture.
Succulents are stem (store moisture in the stem like an euphorbia or cactus) or leafy (haworthia, ehveria, aloe: their stems are modest, but the leaves are super juicy).
So you can propagate: Crassulu, Kalanchoe, Sedum, Pachyphytum.
The sensible "offspring" will come out only from a healthy, young leaf. I do not recommend using an old, yellowing, sick person.
You need to work with him like this:
- Cut the leaf with a sharp knife. This must be done cleanly, so that no particles of the leaf remain on the mother stem. It is important not to break or pinch off, namely to cut!
- Put a leaf on top of the soil in which you will sprout it, and hold it on a table or window sill (in a bright place, but not in direct sunlight) for 1-2 days to dry out the cut.
- Turn the leaf cut into the ground. Press it lightly so that it does not fall out ... And forget about the existence of a pot.
Different succulents will behave differently. Some will please the hostess with young kidneys already in 1.5 weeks, others will hatch in 2 months. The most “slow-witted” of all is pachyphytumwhich can germinate as much as a year later.
Special talk - Kalanchoe Degremon (on the picture). He is viviparous - at the ends of leaves he grows up children. Growing up and separating, they fall into the soil of the mother pot, and there they take root. You can cut a whole leaf with the “beads” of the children, put it in the ground - and all these children will take root, after 1.5 months giving you a couple of dozen young Kalanchoe.
You can see many germinated leaves of various plants here:
The method is suitable for such succulents.: Crassula, Sansevieria, Euphorbia.
When working with a shank, you must adhere to three mandatory rules: cut only with a sharp tool and do not break anything, dry the stalk in air for 2-3 days (he will not die, succulent after all) sprinkle the trimmed plant remaining in the pot with powdered coal - this will protect it from rot. If you work with milkweed, both sections (both on the cuttings and on the plant) must first be washed with clean water or a moistened cloth from milky juice, and then sprinkled and dried.
The stalk will become a full-fledged plant only after it releases the roots. There are two ways to root it, which I will discuss below.
Important! You can work with cuttings from the beginning of spring to the end of summer. Autumn and winter is better not to risk it. The fact is that at this time it is chilly in our apartments, and even there is little light. For these reasons, cuttings often die due to rot.
By the way! Experienced professional growers who grow succulents for sale prefer leaf cuttings to cuttings. Here is what one of these people says:
Rooting in water
Take distilled water, even better - boiled or distilled water (do not forget that there are cultures that suit only the last type of water).
The cutlery is placed in water so that it "hangs" on the leaves pressed to the top of the glass. It is important that its lower part does not stand at the bottom.
At room temperature, the rooting process takes 15-20 days. If you use a greenhouse (or cover the glass with a bag), things will go faster. If you are in a hurry, you can additionally dunk the stalk in Kornevin or another root growth stimulator.
Keep a glass in the light. If the stalk drinks a lot of water, have time to pour fresh. If the slice starts to rot, cut it, dry the slice, dip it into the rooting agent again and return it to the water (fresh).
Rooting in wet sand
This option is best suited to sansevieria (mother-in-law's language).
- Sand is better to take large. Sift it and sanitize it before use (bake in an oven or in a dry frying pan).
- Dip the shank into the same "Kornevin" or "Epin."
- “Plant” the stalk to a minimum (up to 2 cm) depth.
- Gently pour the sand.
- Keep a container of rooted sansa in a bright and warm place.
Thus can be propagated: Gasteria, aloe, haworthia, pachypodium, adenium, lithops, as well as baobab and cacti.
Here's what you need to do:
- Fill the container with substrate (earth + pre-calcined sand). In order to suppress pathogenic microflora in the earth as much as possible, you can mix a little coal pulverized into dust to the soil. It will also serve as a source of nutrition for seedlings.
- Sprinkle this ground with a thin (2 mm) layer of clean sand.
- Soak the seeds in a slightly pink solution of potassium permanganate. Keep seeds in it for about a day.
- Lightly pour the sand in the container with the same potassium permanganate solution.
- Spread the seeds on the surface of the sand.
- The container needs to be covered with something transparent. I have a plastic lid coming to him (very convenient). If it is not, you can tighten the box with kitchen wrap or a disposable bag, or put not too thick transparent glass on top.
- Keep the box in the light (in winter you can install a phytolamp above it), warm. Seedlings hatch in different ways: some will turn green already 2 days later, others only after 2 weeks.
- Seedlings need to carry out 2 picks. The first - a month after the appearance of sprouts (in a common container with more "adult" soil), the second - when the kids are "knocked" for six months (in individual pots).
You can hear more comments about seed germination of various succulent plants here:
Planting the grown up babies in a personal pot
Capacity for one plant, take a small one, otherwise the whole succulent "will go" to the roots. The pot should be shallow for both solo and group planting. The material of the pot is not important. The main thing is that there are drainage holes below.
Priming You can buy ready-made, “For succulents” or “For cacti”. Do not forget about drainage to the bottom of the pot. Coarse (river) sand is suitable for a small plant, expanded clay for a large plant.
Most succulents like this planting: first, the pot is filled with drainage by a third, then almost completely with a substrate, and on top with sand. Plant roots in this soil, and the root neck should fall into the sand layer. Thanks to this, the plant will not be susceptible to rot.
After transplanting, the young plant is protected for 1.5 weeks from direct sunlight and is not temporarily watered. So that the succulent does not dry out, the soil should initially be slightly moist.
A person who deals with succulents professionally will tell you more about caring for plants of this type:
Caring for “husbanding” succulents
Watered plants of this type depending on the time of year. In the summer - from 3 to 4 times a month, in the winter - 1-2 times. Also do not forget that the water should be soft. I filter from the tap. You can also freeze and thaw it, boil it, or at least simply defend it (2 days in an open container).
Fertilizer potassium phosphorus, in poor dilution, is suitable for these flowerpots. You can make it every 2-4 weeks. In order not to rack your brains with the selection of a specific fertilizer, buy a special one, “For Succulents”. It says on the package how to dilute it and how to make it often.
How to separate a sheet
Everything will depend on the kind and type of your Succulent.. For example, most tender Sedum, as well as some Echeveria, can be propagated either by leaf or by processes. On the other hand, Aeonium is propagated only by apical cuttings. That is why you cannot breed them with leaflets.
In other words, all varieties of Succulents are different, so if you do not know what works in your case, just experiment! And in order to separate the sheet, simply twist it from the stem. The main thing is to make sure that there is nothing left on the stem. In fact, best to pull a little leaf.
If you damage the leaf and part of it remains on the stem, most likely, nothing will work out. Having done everything correctly, you can see a clear outline at the base of the separated sheet.
Dry the seedlings
After you cut a stalk or leaf, it is very important that it dries out a little. Depending on the amount of heat and the intensity of sunlight, you can leave the seedling for one to two days to dry.
If you do not do this, there will be too much moisture in the cuttings or leaves, so it can rot during the first watering. It is perfectly normal if, after planting, the leaf begins to shrink and shrink a little. As soon as you notice it you need to water the seedling.
Adult Succulents do not need daily watering, but leaves and cuttings need to be watered quite often. Lack of moisture will cause seedlings turn brown and die.
Rooting in the sand
The sand mixture is usually used to root sansevieria. In prepared (sifted and fried in the oven or in a pan) sand is placed treated with a reinforcing composition ("Epin", "Kornevin") cuttings, then pour it with warm water.
No need to deepen the stalk too much. 1.5 - 2.5 cm in depth are optimally suited for the plant.
In the process of rooting in the sand, the stalk is also kept in a warm and bright place.
Video “Propagation of succulents by cuttings”
Best way to land
If you use leaves, place them on the surface of the soilmaking sure that their ends do not touch the ground. Water whenever the soil dries. You can use a sprayer (spray) to maintain moisture in the upper layers of the soil.
Some gardeners recommend placing the cut end of the leaf in the soil, but this can cause rot.
Unlike leaves, cuttings need to be planted in the soil. Since these are practically adult Succulents, all they need is plant and water them. They will start to grow! Like leaves, cuttings should be watered every time the soil has dried. This is how the leaves laid out on the substrate look like:
If some of them die - do not worry - more than half will sprout! Some of them will grow very slowly, while others will have a large number of roots and no leaflets at all. Each stalk grows differently, and it is perfectly normal if it cannot germinate!
As new plants develop, pay attention to the fact that the roots are covered with soil, otherwise they will dry out and the flower will stop growing.
In addition to the article, watch an informative video on growing Succulents from a leaf:
Most Succulents will need at least several months to become a mature plant, but some will need about a year. Generally, this is not a quick processbut it works! Try it, and very soon, replenishment will appear in your collection of home flowers.
Succulents can be grown from seeds. To do this, you need soil, consisting of fried sand and earth. In containers, the prepared mixture is covered with a thin sand layer (not more than 2 mm in thickness). The seeds are first lowered into a weak solution of potassium permanganate and left for 24 hours. The seeds treated in this way are placed in a thin layer of sand, which is poured with the same solution before laying out. The container is covered with polyethylene, creating a "mini-greenhouse". In a warm and bright place it is kept until the shoots appear. Germination period for different species is from 2 to 14 days. Diving can be carried out no earlier than a month after the appearance of sprouts. But the final transplant is possible only later, before that at least 6 months should pass.
The planting of fancy flowers begins with deciding which succulent pot is best suited.
When choosing a capacity for planting, it is necessary to determine how it is supposed to grow a flower, whether it will be a single planting or a composition of flowers will be created in a pot. In this regard, a more or less roomy pot is selected. Landing in a flat flower container is also popular. You should not choose a pot of too large a volume. In this case, the plant growth will be slowed down: succulents first “master” the roots of the planting pot and only then uses the energy to develop the upper, subsoil part of the plant.
When choosing a container for planting, the grower independently prefers the material from which it is made (plastic or clay), as well as the forms of the pot. A mandatory requirement for any capacity for planting is the presence of a drainage hole in the bottom of the pot.
Video “Choosing a Succulents Pot”
The next step is the preparation of soil suitable for succulents. In flower and garden shops, land is sold for indoor succulents. In addition to this soil, it is necessary to prepare river sand and expanded clay for drainage.
The pot is filled in the following sequence: the first layer is drainage, the 2nd layer is a moist soil mixture, the 3-1 layer is sand.
Succulent planting is carried out in a soil mixture. The sprout is carefully placed in a pot without damaging the roots of the flower. The soil mixture should cover the roots to the root neck, which should be in the sand layer. This will save the plant from rotting.
An important moment in the life of the plant is the adaptation period and care after reproduction. For 1-1.5 weeks, the plant is protected from direct sunlight to avoid burns and is not watered. Влажности почвенной смеси будет достаточно, а ее избыток может привести к гниению.
Видео «Грунт для суккулентов»
Уход за суккулентами
Суккуленты — нетребовательное комнатное растение. Но без соблюдения основных правил ухода не обойтись.
Abundant watering is not necessary for these indoor flowers. The frequency of irrigation depends on the time of year. In winter, plants are watered less often, succulents at room temperature are watered no more often, 1-2 times a month. Since spring, watering is more common: every 7-10 days.
Succulents respond well to weak solutions of phosphorus-potassium fertilizers without nitrogen or with a minimal amount of it.
Often fertilizing - 1-2 times a month.
The industry also offers special complex fertilizers for succulents. When using them, specific instructions for use should be observed.
Following these simple rules of reproduction, planting and caring for flowers, you can not just get succulents at home. An original composition of beautiful and unusual plants will become a real decoration of the interior.