you need to provide sufficient rest, and only then take it to work. Doctor's advice needed. Forecast for
recovery and return to full load, as a rule, favorable. In some cases
The use of phenylbutazolidone inside gives a good result.
Prevention is the same as with atrophy of the shoulder muscles.
Fracture of this well-protected bone
rare, but it should be mentioned
so that the story is complete. More often than not,
as shown in fig. 17. Fractures may
occur if the horse has stumbled or in
the result of a direct impact, as happens with
heavy fall on its side. Surgery
the only thing you can advise is
"Wait and see." The horse doesn’t usually
leans on the foot. Only such fractures are visible on
large, veterinary x-ray machines.
With such a fracture, as in Fig. 17, the horse can
get better. With other fractures, passing
through the middle of the scapula, practically hope
This is an extremely broad concept, if it exists at all. As said very wise and
an attentive observer, J. L. Dollar, “the diagnosis of brachial lameness depends mainly on
negative results in a local study, the more carefully the local
research, the less the diagnosis will be "shoulder lameness". Most horses complain about
shoulder muscles actually suffer from hoof disease and (or) their heel parts.
The clinical signs characteristic of this disease are already described in
section "bursitis of the biceps of the shoulder": resistance or refusal
movements in the shoulder joint. Judging by my autopsy practice,
significant causes of lameness associated with the shoulder were only atrophy
shoulder muscles, biceps biceps, fractures of the shoulder blade and severe
acute or chronic infectious joint inflammation in foals.
In trotters and amblers, there is a rapidly passing pain in the area
shoulder joints, it appears due to the use of special
devices (helmet) for setting them on the move. Often this happens with trotters,
which redo the pacers. While he is still learning to make legs with
one side (instead of its natural diagonal gait), it can
make mistakes: the front foot is extended forward, while the back foot
moves back. This discrepancy can cause severe
muscle contraction of the shoulder, resulting in pain of varying strength.
Similarly, a too tight harness may prevent the animal from trotting
(amble), and thereby limit the movement of either the front or rear
legs, resulting in clear signs of muscle
one of the types
using a pin.
Upper arrow -
scapula, lower -
front foot goes forward
while the back (same
side) - back (at
trying to trot).
How to cure limp in horses
Specialist advice for horse lameness.
Dr. Emmanuel Angeli - Diplomat, European, American and Royal Vet. colleges, a specialist in surgery and orthopedics of horses, will talk about how to determine the lameness of a horse and what to do with it.
What causes lameness in horses?
Signs of lameness in most cases cause pain in one of the limbs, but under certain conditions lameness is affected by tension in the neck, back or pelvis, which can also lead to changes in movement. The horse loads one limb more, in an attempt to transfer weight from the damaged limb and reduce tension in the neck and back. Lameness caused by minor injuries and injuries in the limbs lasts for several days. But it can also be a symptom of a more serious disease, such as a tendon curvature, arthritis, and shuttle disease.
How to recognize where lameness is in the fore or hind limbs?
A lame horse during rest facilitates a sore limb more than others. She can stand in unnatural poses and prevent her from taking a healthy leg. The horse’s behavior also changes, it becomes irritable, does not show enthusiasm in training, especially with a small but prolonged limp.
When moving, the load on a healthy front leg is obvious, steps are shorter, the horse can stumble, often leads his head down to the side of a healthy leg.
When a slight lameness appears on both front legs at the same time, which is not uncommon, the horse goes in shorter steps, his legs bend worse and go into collapse, stopping from time to time. These symptoms may not be noticeable, but it is very important to notice them as early as possible and call an experienced veterinarian to evaluate your horse’s lameness and movement. Any delay in diagnosis and treatment can seriously reduce the horse’s chances of full recovery.
Lameness of the hind legs is often characterized by a shortened step of the affected limb on one side, one-sided asymmetry of the croup and side of the horse.
There are also obvious signs of disunity of the horse, especially at a gallop and lateral work, some resistance is possible. Most owners notice that the horse’s backside seems to disappear from under them, or there is no active work, or a damaged leg does not reach the rider’s center of gravity, but remains somewhat behind. If you have a feeling that something has changed, then contact your veterinarian immediately for a thorough check.
What if your horse is lame?
- The first step is to stop any work to prevent further damage.
- Secondly, as soon as possible to limit the horse in movement in the stall to prevent exacerbation of the injury. Walking a horse in a field or levada is contraindicated, because it will rise to a gallop, despite injuries. Horses have an escape strategy for survival, suppressing pain, allowing them to escape from a predator, even if they are injured.
- Thirdly, examine your horse’s limbs. If you think your horse has recently limped, start by palpating your leg tissue to identify abnormalities in your healthy limb. You should look for places: pain reactions, swelling, hot spots of inflammation. If you find one of the signs, then you should call your veterinarian.
Of course, if the horse revealed a slight lameness, coming from a walk, you can put it in the stall for 1-2 weeks and carefully monitor whether the lameness decreases. If lameness does not go away after 2 weeks, then this is a serious signal to call a veterinarian.
Low doses of pain medication can be used for lame horses as needed, but you still need to consult your veterinarian before giving any medication. It must be remembered that painkillers are very effective in reducing the level of pain, they make the horse less sensitive, which increases the risk of aggravating damage in movement in the absence of pain control.
If you are soon waiting for a veterinarian to examine the problem, then you should not give any painkillers to avoid masking the symptoms of pain and lameness. This will help your vet evaluate your horse’s underlying limp and investigate its cause.
Horse lameness treatment
Whenever your horse begins to limp, you should try to find out the cause of the limp by examining your horse from the top of the head to the hooves. But if your horse cannot lean on one leg, or his leg is bleeding, you should immediately call a veterinarian, as this situation requires the intervention of a specialist.
Inspection of a lame horse should begin with an examination and find out if there is a tumor, any cut or wound on the leg. To do this, gently sweep your hands over the leg from top to bottom, then lift the foot and examine it from below. First, examine the hoofed corolla, where the abscess most often begins, which is characterized by redness and secretions. Even a pebble or other sharp object stuck in the sole can cause lameness.
Take a close look at how the horse is standing. And if the horse transferred its weight from one specific leg or leaned back so as not to put pressure on the front legs, then such a stance can show which hoofs got caught (laminitis). But if it is difficult to immediately determine which leg is damaged, that is, which leg the horse is limping on, you need to move it with a step or trot, and then the horse will raise its head, stepping on a sore leg, trying to remove weight from it. This will work if the horse is limping on the front foot.
Lameness on the hind leg is more difficult to determine and therefore usually only a professional doctor can diagnose it. And yet, when the horse walks along a pavement or other hard surface, the sound from the set injured leg will be somewhat quieter than from the rest. And it’s easier to catch the difference if you close your eyes and listen carefully. If you understand what the problem is, then call the veterinarian, and he, based on this information, can recommend what anti-inflammatory drugs to give the horse. In case of very severe lameness, the doctor can immediately schedule a visit to take an X-ray and conduct a full examination, during which the doctor will examine the horse from head to toe, feel the legs, examine the feet, check for tumors, wounds or cuts.
Then the veterinarian will check the flexibility of the joints and check for pain and sensitivity. If the veterinarian determines which joint is the problem, he will block the horse with small amounts of anesthetic that are injected into certain areas of the leg, usually starting from the bottom and moving up. After each injection, the horse is trotted. If the lameness is gone, then the injection hit the affected area. A proper diagnosis can help and x-rays. Based on the results of the examination, the doctor will recommend the most appropriate treatment: medical horseshoes, wraps, dousing with cold water, rest, anti-inflammatory drugs or other drugs, and possibly surgical intervention.
Causes of Horse Lameness
Lameness is a symptom that can be associated with the following problems:
- wrong hoof balance
- inflammatory diseases
- sprains and tears of ligaments,
- paralysis and paresis of peripheral nerves.
The most effective way to combat lameness is to prevent it. Regular inspection of the horse, quality soil, compliance with the regime of work and rest, a balanced diet and a rational approach to loads significantly reduce the likelihood of a dangerous symptom.
How to recognize lameness?
Experts strongly recommend that you contact your veterinarian if you are lame. For example, non-specialists often make the erroneous diagnosis “horse shoulder lameness"In diseases of the hoof, and this is fraught with aggravation of the disease.
To determine the cause, it is necessary to horse limp tests:
- Identification of a sore leg. Inspect the animal, standing on a flat surface, to determine the compensatory changes, which are expressed by external asymmetry. Then they inspect the horse, which is in motion, first at a step, then at a trot, with a gait (if necessary) on different types of surfaces.
- Examination of the hoof for pressure sensitivity by compressing the hoof wall.
- Palpation of a sore leg to detect tumors, painful areas, differences in pulsation and temperature.
- A test for pain that causes a sharp increase in lameness. It is performed by flexion in the put and hock joints.
- Additional research methods (x-ray, anesthesia, etc.).
The first two tests are usually carried out by the owner of the animal. After this, you should contact your veterinarian for help. A correctly diagnosed diagnosis is 50% success. For example, if the horse is limping on the backleg due to overtrained muscle, it’s enough to stick the veterinary tape in order to normalize the gait and eliminate the pain.
Taping Technique: Basic Principles
You can study the basic overlapping patterns and techniques for applying kinesiology teiping at veterinary tape courses. The training consists of a theoretical and practical part, therefore, after completing a 2-day basic course, a specialist will be able to fully use veterinary teips in their medical practice.
Thus, there is no unequivocal answer to the question: “How to treat a horse’s limp?”, Because you need to get rid of the reason for its appearance. Veterinary teip is a convenient tool that can safely enhance the complex of therapeutic measures for the animal’s health, bringing the moment of full recovery closer.